Radiography on wheels arrives to nursing homes - an economic assessment of a new health care technology in southern Sweden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rationale, aims and objectives: The process of transferring older, vulnerable adults from an elder care facility to the hospital for medical care can be an emotionally and physically stressful experience. The recent development of modern mobile radiography may help to ease this anxiety by allowing for evaluation in the nursing home itself. Up until this point, no health economic evaluation of the technology has been attempted in a Swedish setting. The objective of this study was to determine whether examinations of patients in elder care facilities with mobile radiography were cost-effective from a societal perspective compared with hospital-based radiological examinations. Methods: This prospective study included two groups of nursing home residents in two different areas in southern Sweden. All residents in the nursing homes were targeted for the study. Seventy-one patients were examined with hospital-based radiography at two hospitals, and 312 patients were examined using mobile radiography in nursing homes. Given that the diagnostic effects are regarded as equivalent, a cost minimization method was applied. Direct costs were estimated using prices from the county council, Region Skåne, Sweden. Results: From a societal perspective, mobile radiography was shown to have significantly lower costs per examination compared with hospital-based radiography. The difference in health care-related costs was also significant in favour of mobile radiography. Conclusion: Mobile radiography can be used to examine patients in nursing homes at a lower cost than hospital-based radiography. Patients benefit from not having to transfer to a hospital for radiography, resulting in reduced anxiety for patients.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Region Skåne
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Örebro University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy

Keywords

  • Cost minimization technique, Cost-effectiveness, Evaluation, Mobile radiography, Residential aged care, X-ray equipment
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)994-1001
JournalJournal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Volume22
Issue number6
Early online date2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes