Ranking and characterization of established BMI and lipid associated loci as candidates for gene-environment interactions
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Phenotypic variance heterogeneity across genotypes at a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) may reflect underlying gene-environment (G×E) or gene-gene interactions. We modeled variance heterogeneity for blood lipids and BMI in up to 44,211 participants and investigated relationships between variance effects (Pv), G×E interaction effects (with smoking and physical activity), and marginal genetic effects (Pm). Correlations between Pvand Pmwere stronger for SNPs with established marginal effects (Spearman’s ρ = 0.401 for triglycerides, and ρ = 0.236 for BMI) compared to all SNPs. When Pvand Pmwere compared for all pruned SNPs, only BMI was statistically significant (Spearman’s ρ = 0.010). Overall, SNPs with established marginal effects were overrepresented in the nominally significant part of the Pvdistribution (Pbinomial<0.05). SNPs from the top 1% of the Pmdistribution for BMI had more significant Pvvalues (PMann–Whitney= 1.46×10−5), and the odds ratio of SNPs with nominally significant (<0.05) Pmand Pvwas 1.33 (95% CI: 1.12, 1.57) for BMI. Moreover, BMI SNPs with nominally significant G×E interaction P-values (Pint<0.05) were enriched with nominally significant Pvvalues (Pbinomial= 8.63×10−9and 8.52×10−7for SNP × smoking and SNP × physical activity, respectively). We conclude that some loci with strong marginal effects may be good candidates for G×E, and variance-based prioritization can be used to identify them.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Publication status||Published - 2017|