Rapid and long-term induction of effector immediate early genes (BDNF, Neuritin and Arc) in peri-infarct cortex and dentate gyrus after ischemic injury in rat brain.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The genomic response following brain ischemia is very complex and involves activation of both protective and detrimental signaling pathways. Immediate early genes (IEGs) represent the first wave of gene expression following ischemia and are induced in extensive regions of the ischemic brain including cerebral cortex and hippocampus. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), Neuritin and Activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein (Arc) belong to a subgroup of immediate early genes implicated in synaptic plasticity known as effector immediate early genes. Here, we investigated the spatial and temporal activation pattern for these genes during the first 24 h of reperfusion following 2-h occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. Neuritin showed a persistent activation in frontal-cingulate cortex while Arc displayed a biphasic response. Also, in dentate gyrus, activation was observed at 0–6 h of reperfusion for Neuritin and 0–12 h of reperfusion for Arc while BDNF was induced 0–9 h of reperfusion. Our study demonstrates a rapid and long-term activation of effector immediate early genes in distinct brain areas following ischemic injury in rat. Effector gene activation may be part of long-term synaptic responses of ischemic brain tissue.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurosciences


  • Gene expression, Focal brain ischemia, Hippocampus, Frontal-cingulate cortex, Plasticity
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-210
JournalBrain Research
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Experimental Brain Research (0131000120), Neurosurgery (013026000), Laboratory for Experimental Brain Research (013041000)