Rapid exponential elimination of free prostate-specific antigen contrasts the slow, capacity-limited elimination of PSA complexed to alpha 1-antichymotrypsin from serum

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OBJECTIVES: To study the rates of elimination of total prostate-specific antigen (PSA-T), free PSA (PSA-F), and PSA complexed to alpha 1-antichymotrypsin (PSA-ACT) from blood after radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). METHODS: We obtained venous blood from 10 patients with prostate cancer who were undergoing RRP. We analyzed PSA-F and PSA-ACT and equimolar detection of both of these forms together (PSA-T) by using immunofluorometric assays. An attempt was made to fit the serum concentrations of PSA-F, PSA-ACT, and PSA-T for each patient to exponential curves by applying one- and two-compartment models for pharmacokinetic analysis. RESULTS: Manipulation of the prostate during RRP resulted in a 3- to 28-fold increase in PSA-F concentrations in serum. Removal of the prostate resulted in a rapid, biexponential elimination of PSA-F from serum, corresponding to a mean initial (alpha) half-life of 0.81 hours and a mean terminal (beta) half-life of 13.9 hours. Serum PSA-ACT concentrations decreased by 20% to 40% immediately after removal of the gland; the elimination after surgery was slow and nonexponential, corresponding to a mean rate of 0.8 ng/mL/day. The elimination of PSA-T reflects a combination of the elimination patterns for PSA-F and PSA-ACT. CONCLUSIONS: The main proportion of PSA-F is rapidly eliminated from serum, possibly by glomerular filtration. PSA-F released during surgery did not form complexes with ACT, as suggested by the lack of PSA-ACT elevation in serum. The size (approximately 90 kDa) and the extensive in vitro stability of the PSA-ACT complex prevents renal clearance. The nonexponential elimination of the PSA-ACT complex is evidence of a capacity-limited process (e.g., metabolic transformation).


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Urology and Nephrology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-62
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Division of Urological Cancers (013243420), Division of Infection Medicine (SUS) (013008000), Division of urological research (013243410), Clinical Chemistry, Malmö (013016000)