Reasons for using workplace wellness services: Cross-sectional study among 6000 employees

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

AIMS: While workplace wellness services are proactively established to improve well-being and reduce sickness absence, knowledge of reasons for using these services remains sparse. This study investigates which factors determine use of an in-house wellness service at a large organization (the Danish Police) with several departments in different geographical locations.

METHODS: All potential users of the Wellness service ( n = 15,284) were invited to respond to a cross-sectional questionnaire. Of 6060 eligible respondents, 58% had used the service at least once (any use) and 17% had used the service at least three times (frequent users). Two items assessed the frequency of statements of justifications for using or not using the Wellness service. Associations between 32 demographic and psychosocial variables and use of the Wellness service were evaluated with unadjusted bivariate logistic regression analyses.

RESULTS: The two primary justifications for using the Wellness service were: to get a blood pressure assessment (37%) and to rehabilitate injury (26%). The two most common justifications for not using the Wellness service were: no perceived need (44%) and already physically active (34%). Of the 32 demographical and psychosocial variables included, 28 were associated with any use and 24 with frequent use.

CONCLUSIONS: Use of the Wellness service appears to be driven by a complex configuration of factors that resist easy translation into practical advice. Non-participation was accounted for in terms of both positive and negative barriers. Use of the service for purposes of primary prevention and health promotion was, relatively speaking, lagging behind.

Details

Authors
  • Roger Persson
  • Bryan Cleal
  • Mette Øllgaard Jakobsen
  • Ebbe Villadsen
  • Lars Louis Andersen
Organisations
External organisations
  • National Research Centre for the Working Environment
  • National Centre for Research Methods
  • Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen
  • Aalborg University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medical and Health Sciences
  • Psychology

Keywords

  • Journal Article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-357
JournalScandinavian Journal of Public Health
Volume46
Issue number3
Early online date2017 Jul 1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes