Recognition in Human–Robot Interaction: The gateway to engagement

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding


We argue that mutually adaptive interaction involves the robot as a partner as opposed to a tool, and requires that the robot is susceptible to similar environmental cues and behaviour patterns as humans are. Recognition, or the acknowledgement of the other as individual, is fundamental to mutually adaptive interaction. Recognition leads to a dynamic coupling of human and robot such that they become one system. This process can be seen from both a cognitive and normative perspective. The cognitive aspect has to do with bonding and convergence, resulting in identification and entrainment. The phenomenological aspects relates to responsiveness and complementarity that lead to mutual engagement and commitment. We propose that recognition is key to successful cooperation with robots and HRI would benefit from implementing recognition as a fundamental ability of any social robot.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Robotics
  • Philosophy
  • Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)


  • Social robots, Recognition (Psychology), Epigenetic Robotics, Mutual Recognition, Cooperation, Commitment, Reciprocity
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings 9th Joint IEEE International Conference on Development and Learning and on Epigenetic Robotics
Place of PublicationOslo
PublisherIEEE Xplore
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
EventICDL-EpiRob 2019 - Oslo, Norway
Duration: 2019 Aug 192019 Aug 22


ConferenceICDL-EpiRob 2019
Internet address