Reduced Insulin Exocytosis in Human Pancreatic β-cells With Gene Variants Linked to Type 2 Diabetes.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The majority of genetic risk variants for type 2 diabetes (T2D) affect insulin secretion, but the mechanisms through which they influence pancreatic islet function remain largely unknown. We functionally characterized human islets to determine secretory, biophysical, and ultrastructural features in relation to genetic risk profiles in diabetic and nondiabetic donors. Islets from donors with T2D exhibited impaired insulin secretion, which was more pronounced in lean than obese diabetic donors. We assessed the impact of 14 disease susceptibility variants on measures of glucose sensing, exocytosis, and structure. Variants near TCF7L2 and ADRA2A were associated with reduced glucose-induced insulin secretion, whereas susceptibility variants near ADRA2A, KCNJ11, KCNQ1, and TCF7L2 were associated with reduced depolarization-evoked insulin exocytosis. KCNQ1, ADRA2A, KCNJ11, HHEX/IDE, and SLC2A2 variants affected granule docking. We combined our results to create a novel genetic risk score for β-cell dysfunction that includes aberrant granule docking, decreased Ca(2+) sensitivity of exocytosis, and reduced insulin release. Individuals with a high risk score displayed an impaired response to intravenous glucose and deteriorating insulin secretion over time. Our results underscore the importance of defects in β-cell exocytosis in T2D and demonstrate the potential of cellular phenotypic characterization in the elucidation of complex genetic disorders.

Details

Authors
  • Matthias Braun
  • Taman Mahdi
  • Sofia A Andersson
  • Mary E Travers
  • Makoto Shigeto
  • Peter Almgren
  • Claes Ladenvall
  • Annika Axelsson
  • Morten Gram Pedersen
  • Anna Jonsson
  • Reshma Ramracheya
  • Yunzhao Tang
  • Jonathan N Walker
  • Amy Barrett
  • Paul R V Johnson
  • Mark I McCarthy
  • Anna L Gloyn
  • Patrik Rorsman
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1726-1733
JournalDiabetes
Volume61
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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