Reductive openings of acetals: Explanation of regioselectivity in borane reductions by mechanistic studies

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Abstract

The mechanisms of regioselective reductive openings of acetals were investigated in several model systems by a combination of Hammett plots, kinetic experiments, density functional calculations, and B-11 NMR. The regioselectivity of borane reductions of cyclic acetals can be controlled by the choice of borane. Lewis acid activation of BH3 center dot NMe3 increases the reaction rate and renders the borane the most electrophilic species, which associates to the more electron-rich oxygen of the acetal. In contrary, without activation, the regioselectivity is instead directed by the Lewis acid, as exemplified by the reaction with BH3 center dot THF.

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  • Organic Chemistry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5226-5232
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume73
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Organic chemistry (S/LTH) (011001240)