Regulation of lipoprotein lipase. Induction by insulin

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Abstract

Lipoprotein lipase activity in intact epididymal adipose tissue of fasted rats increased rapidly after treatment with insulin in vivo. In contrast, lipoprotein lipase activity in adipocytes isolated from the contralateral fat pads remained essentially unchanged. When adipocytes were incubated for 30 min at ambient temperature in vitro, about 2 times more lipoprotein lipase activity was found in the medium of cells from insulin-treated rats than in medium from cells of control animals. Following insulin treatment, extracts of tissue acetone powders separated by gel chromatography showed increases in both enzyme activity fractions obtained (designated lipoprotein lipase a and b). However, no consistent differences were observed between fractions derived from adipocyte acetone powders of insulin-treated and control animals. All the observed effects of insulin on lipoprotein lipase activity were abolished by cycloheximide treatment in vivo. These data indicate that following insulin treatment, increased lipoprotein lipase activity in adipose tissue results from enhanced enzyme secretion by the fat cell and subsequent accumulation in the tissue, thus implicating the adipocyte secretory mechanism as a major site of regulation of lipoprotein lipase activity in adipose tissue.

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  • Biological Sciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-273
JournalBiochimica et biophysica acta
Volume424
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1976
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes