Relation between cycling exercise capacity, fiber-type composition, and lower extremity muscle strength and muscle endurance.

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Abstract

Segerström, ÅB, Holmbäck, AM, Hansson, O, Elgzyri, T, Eriksson, K-F, Ringsberg, K, Groop, L, Wollmer, P, and Thorsson, O. Relation between cycling exercise capacity, fiber-type composition, and lower extremity muscle strength and muscle endurance. J Strength Cond Res 25(1): 16-22, 2011-The aim of the study was to determine the relation between peak oxygen uptake (&OV0312;o2peak), peak work rate (WRpeak), fiber-type composition, and lower extremity strength and endurance during a maximal incremental cycle test. Thirty-nine healthy sedentary men, aged 30-46, participated in the study. Subjects performed a maximal incremental cycle test and isokinetic knee extension (KE) and flexion (KF) strength and endurance tests at velocities of 60 and 180°·s. Muscle biopsies were taken from m. vastus lateralis and analyzed for fiber-type composition. A significant correlation existed between KE strength and &OV0312;o2peak and WRpeak. Also, KF endurance correlated significantly to &OV0312;o2peak and WRpeak. The KE endurance correlated significantly to WRpeak (rp = 0.32, p < 0.05) and almost significantly to &OV0312;o2peak (rp = 0.28, p = 0.06). Stepwise multiple regression analyses showed that KE strength, KF endurance, and the percentage of type I fibers could explain up to 40% of the variation in &OV0312;o2peak and WRpeak. The performance of sedentary subjects in a maximal incremental cycle test is highly affected by knee muscle strength and endurance. Fiber-type composition also contributes but to a smaller extent.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Physiotherapy
  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-22
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association
Volume25
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine Unit (013242320), Unit for Clinical Vascular Disease Research (013242410), Diabetes and Endocrinology (013241530), Division of Physiotherapy (Closed 2012) (013042000)