Reliability of phenotypic early-onset ataxia assessment: A pilot study
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Aim: To investigate the interobserver agreement on phenotypic early-onset ataxia (EOA) assessment and to explore whether the Scale for Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) could provide a supportive marker. Method: Seven movement disorder specialists provided independent phenotypic assessments of potentially ataxic motor behaviour in 40 patients (mean age 15y [range 5-34]; data derived from University Medical Center Groningen medical records 1998-2012). We determined interobserver agreement by Fleiss' kappa. Furthermore, we compared percentage SARA subscores ([subscore/total score]×100%) between 'indisputable' (primary ataxia recognition by at least six observers) and 'mixed' (ataxia recognition, unfulfilling 'indisputable' criteria) EOA phenotypes. Results: Agreement on phenotypic EOA assessment was statistically significant (p<0.001), but of moderate strength (Fleiss' kappa=0.45; 95% CI 0.38-0.51). During mild disease progression, percentage SARA gait subscores discriminated between 'indisputable' and 'mixed' EOA phenotypes. In patients with percentage SARA gait subscores >30%, primary ataxia was more frequently present than in those with subscores <30% (p=0.001). Interpretation: Among movement-disorder professionals from different disciplines, interobserver agreement on phenotypic EOA recognition is of limited strength. SARA gait subscores can provide a supportive discriminative marker between EOA phenotypes. Hopefully, future phenotypic insight will contribute to the inclusion of uniform, high-quality data in international EOA databases.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Jan 1|