Respiratory NAD(P)H dehydrogenases of plants - Gene identity and expression in response to light and cold

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Abstract

The respiratory chain of plants contains class 2 NAD(P)H dehydrogenases, not present in animals. The functional roles of these enzymes have been elusive for a long time. Two cDNAs, homologous to class 2 NADH dehydrogenase genes of yeast and E. coli, were isolated from potato leaves. The gene products, NDA1 and NDB1, were shown to reside on the internal and external sides of the inner mitochondrial membrane, respectively. As fusion proteins expressed in E. coli, the NDA1 protein was more firmly attached to membranes than the NDB1 protein. To study gene expression at the RNA level, a competitive quantitative RT-PCR system was developed. The nda1 gene was shown to be completely dependent on light. This light-dependence was seen at the mRNA, protein and activity levels. The nda1 gene was also seen to display a diurnal rhythm in potato leaves. As leaves develop from young to mature, the NDA1 transcript increases. This increase is reflected at the protein and activity levels. A real-time PCR system was developed for further transcript analyses. At cold-stress of potato plants, a decrease of NDA1 transcript was seen with consistent effects at the protein and activity levels. In the Arabidopsis genome, seven potential class 2 NAD(P)H dehydrogenase genes were identified. One of these genes, At-nda1 is regulated by light. The NDA1 enzyme is suggested to have a photorespiratory role, oxidizing excessive NADH in potato leaf mitochondria during photosynthesis.

Details

Authors
  • Staffan Svensson
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biological Sciences

Keywords

  • morfologi, phytogeography, chemotaxonomy. Physiology of nonvascular plants, Systematisk botanik, taxonomi, morphology, taxonomy, Systematic botany, Växtgenetik, Plant genetics, plant mitochondria, NADH dehydrogenases, light dependence, mRNA quantification, leaf respiration, cold treatment, kemotaxonomi. Växters fysiologi (inte kärlväxter).
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
  • [unknown], [unknown], Supervisor, External person
Award date2002 Jun 7
Publisher
  • Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Lund University
Print ISBNs91-628-5269-8
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 2002-06-07 Time: 13:15 Place: Blå Hallen, the Ecology Building, Sölvegatan 37, Lund, Sweden External reviewer(s) Name: Boutry, Marc Title: Prof Affiliation: Unité de Biochimie Physiologique, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium --- Article: I. Rasmusson, A.G., Svensson, Å.S., Knoop, V., Grohmann, L. and Brennicke, A. (1999) Homologues of yeast and bacterial rotenone-insensitive NADH dehydrogenases in higher eukaryotes: two enzymes are present in potato mitochondria. Plant J. 20, 79-87. Article: II. Svensson, Å.S. and Rasmusson, A.G. (2001) Light-dependent gene expression for proteins in the respiratory chain of potato leaves. Plant J. 28, 73-82. Article: III. Svensson, Å.S., Johansson, F.I., Møller, I.M. and Rasmusson, A.G. (2002) Cold stress decreases the capacity for respiratory NADH oxidation in potato leaves. FEBS Lett. 517, 79-82.