Response of stone wool–insulated building barriers under severe heating exposures

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Response of stone wool–insulated building barriers under severe heating exposures. / Andres, Blanca; Livkiss, Karlis; Hidalgo, Juan P.; van Hees, Patrick; Bisby, Luke; Johansson, Nils; Bhargava, Abhishek.

In: Journal of Fire Sciences, Vol. 36, No. 4, 01.07.2018, p. 315-341.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Response of stone wool–insulated building barriers under severe heating exposures

AU - Andres, Blanca

AU - Livkiss, Karlis

AU - Hidalgo, Juan P.

AU - van Hees, Patrick

AU - Bisby, Luke

AU - Johansson, Nils

AU - Bhargava, Abhishek

PY - 2018/7/1

Y1 - 2018/7/1

N2 - This article presents the experimental results of stone wool–layered sandwich constructions, with either steel or gypsum claddings, tested under four different heating exposures: 7 kW/m2 incident radiant heat flux exposure, 60 kW/m2 incident radiant heat flux exposure, parametric time–temperature curve exposure and ISO 834 standard time–temperature exposure. The test apparatus used were a movable radiant panel system, a mid-scale furnace (1.5 m3) and a large-scale furnace (15 m3). The results show that reduced-scale tests are capable of reproducing the heat transferred through the construction at large scale provided there is limited mechanical degradation. The results indicate that the availability of oxygen is fundamental to the fire behaviour of the sandwich composites tested. Reactions occurring in stone wool micro-scale testing, such as oxidative combustion of the binder or crystallisation of the fibres, have a limited effect on the temperature increase when wool is protected from air entrainment.

AB - This article presents the experimental results of stone wool–layered sandwich constructions, with either steel or gypsum claddings, tested under four different heating exposures: 7 kW/m2 incident radiant heat flux exposure, 60 kW/m2 incident radiant heat flux exposure, parametric time–temperature curve exposure and ISO 834 standard time–temperature exposure. The test apparatus used were a movable radiant panel system, a mid-scale furnace (1.5 m3) and a large-scale furnace (15 m3). The results show that reduced-scale tests are capable of reproducing the heat transferred through the construction at large scale provided there is limited mechanical degradation. The results indicate that the availability of oxygen is fundamental to the fire behaviour of the sandwich composites tested. Reactions occurring in stone wool micro-scale testing, such as oxidative combustion of the binder or crystallisation of the fibres, have a limited effect on the temperature increase when wool is protected from air entrainment.

KW - building fire barriers

KW - full-scale experiments

KW - furnace test

KW - H-TRIS test

KW - intermediate scale experiments

KW - severe heat exposures

KW - Stone wool–insulated sandwich panels

U2 - 10.1177/0734904118783942

DO - 10.1177/0734904118783942

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 315

EP - 341

JO - J. COMBUST. TOXICOL.

JF - J. COMBUST. TOXICOL.

SN - 0734-9041

IS - 4

ER -