Responses of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to long-term inorganic and organic nutrient addition in a lowland tropical forest

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Responses of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to long-term inorganic and organic nutrient addition in a lowland tropical forest. / Sheldrake, Merlin; Rosenstock, Nicholas P.; Mangan, Scott; Revillini, Daniel; Sayer, Emma J.; Olsson, Pål Axel; Verbruggen, Erik; Tanner, Edmund V.J.; Turner, Benjamin L.; Wright, S. Joseph.

In: ISME Journal, Vol. 12, No. 10, 2018, p. 2433-2445.

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Sheldrake, M, Rosenstock, NP, Mangan, S, Revillini, D, Sayer, EJ, Olsson, PA, Verbruggen, E, Tanner, EVJ, Turner, BL & Wright, SJ 2018, 'Responses of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to long-term inorganic and organic nutrient addition in a lowland tropical forest', ISME Journal, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 2433-2445. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-018-0189-7

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Author

Sheldrake, Merlin ; Rosenstock, Nicholas P. ; Mangan, Scott ; Revillini, Daniel ; Sayer, Emma J. ; Olsson, Pål Axel ; Verbruggen, Erik ; Tanner, Edmund V.J. ; Turner, Benjamin L. ; Wright, S. Joseph. / Responses of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to long-term inorganic and organic nutrient addition in a lowland tropical forest. In: ISME Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 12, No. 10. pp. 2433-2445.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Responses of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to long-term inorganic and organic nutrient addition in a lowland tropical forest

AU - Sheldrake, Merlin

AU - Rosenstock, Nicholas P.

AU - Mangan, Scott

AU - Revillini, Daniel

AU - Sayer, Emma J.

AU - Olsson, Pål Axel

AU - Verbruggen, Erik

AU - Tanner, Edmund V.J.

AU - Turner, Benjamin L.

AU - Wright, S. Joseph

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Improved understanding of the nutritional ecology of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi is important in understanding how tropical forests maintain high productivity on low-fertility soils. Relatively little is known about how AM fungi will respond to changes in nutrient inputs in tropical forests, which hampers our ability to assess how forest productivity will be influenced by anthropogenic change. Here we assessed the influence of long-term inorganic and organic nutrient additions and nutrient depletion on AM fungi, using two adjacent experiments in a lowland tropical forest in Panama. We characterised AM fungal communities in soil and roots using 454-pyrosequencing, and quantified AM fungal abundance using microscopy and a lipid biomarker. Phosphorus and nitrogen addition reduced the abundance of AM fungi to a similar extent, but affected community composition in different ways. Nutrient depletion (removal of leaf litter) had a pronounced effect on AM fungal community composition, affecting nearly as many OTUs as phosphorus addition. The addition of nutrients in organic form (leaf litter) had little effect on any AM fungal parameter. Soil AM fungal communities responded more strongly to changes in nutrient availability than communities in roots. This suggests that the ‘dual niches’ of AM fungi in soil versus roots are structured to different degrees by abiotic environmental filters, and biotic filters imposed by the plant host. Our findings indicate that AM fungal communities are fine-tuned to nutrient regimes, and support future studies aiming to link AM fungal community dynamics with ecosystem function.

AB - Improved understanding of the nutritional ecology of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi is important in understanding how tropical forests maintain high productivity on low-fertility soils. Relatively little is known about how AM fungi will respond to changes in nutrient inputs in tropical forests, which hampers our ability to assess how forest productivity will be influenced by anthropogenic change. Here we assessed the influence of long-term inorganic and organic nutrient additions and nutrient depletion on AM fungi, using two adjacent experiments in a lowland tropical forest in Panama. We characterised AM fungal communities in soil and roots using 454-pyrosequencing, and quantified AM fungal abundance using microscopy and a lipid biomarker. Phosphorus and nitrogen addition reduced the abundance of AM fungi to a similar extent, but affected community composition in different ways. Nutrient depletion (removal of leaf litter) had a pronounced effect on AM fungal community composition, affecting nearly as many OTUs as phosphorus addition. The addition of nutrients in organic form (leaf litter) had little effect on any AM fungal parameter. Soil AM fungal communities responded more strongly to changes in nutrient availability than communities in roots. This suggests that the ‘dual niches’ of AM fungi in soil versus roots are structured to different degrees by abiotic environmental filters, and biotic filters imposed by the plant host. Our findings indicate that AM fungal communities are fine-tuned to nutrient regimes, and support future studies aiming to link AM fungal community dynamics with ecosystem function.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048507754&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41396-018-0189-7

DO - 10.1038/s41396-018-0189-7

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 2433

EP - 2445

JO - ISME Journal

JF - ISME Journal

SN - 1751-7362

IS - 10

ER -