Revised systematics and higher classification of pierid butterflies (Lepidoptera Pieridae) based on molecular data

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Revised systematics and higher classification of pierid butterflies (Lepidoptera Pieridae) based on molecular data. / Wahlberg, Niklas; Rota, Jadranka; Braby, Michael F.; Pierce, Naomi E.; Wheat, Christopher W.

In: Zoologica Scripta, Vol. 43, No. 6, 01.11.2014, p. 641-650.

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T1 - Revised systematics and higher classification of pierid butterflies (Lepidoptera Pieridae) based on molecular data

AU - Wahlberg, Niklas

AU - Rota, Jadranka

AU - Braby, Michael F.

AU - Pierce, Naomi E.

AU - Wheat, Christopher W.

PY - 2014/11/1

Y1 - 2014/11/1

N2 - The butterfly family Pieridae comprises approximately 1000 described species placed in 85 genera, but the higher classification has not yet been settled. We used molecular data from eight gene regions (one mitochondrial and seven nuclear protein-coding genes) comprising a total of ~6700 bp from 96 taxa to infer a well-supported phylogenetic hypothesis for the family. Based on this hypothesis, we revise the higher classification for all pierid genera. We resurrect the tribe Teracolini stat. rev. in the subfamily Pierinae to include the genera Teracolus, Pinacopteryx, Gideona, Ixias, Eronia, Colotis and most likely Calopieris. We transfer Hebomoia to the tribe Anthocharidini and assign the previously unplaced genera Belenois and Dixeia to the subtribe Aporiina. Three lineages near the base of Pierinae (Leptosia, Elodina and Nepheronia + Pareronia) remain unplaced. For each of these, we describe and delineate new tribes: Elodinini Braby tribus nova, Leptosiaini Braby tribus nova and Nepheroniini Braby tribus nova. The proposed higher classification is based on well-supported monophyletic groups and is likely to remain stable even with the addition of more data.

AB - The butterfly family Pieridae comprises approximately 1000 described species placed in 85 genera, but the higher classification has not yet been settled. We used molecular data from eight gene regions (one mitochondrial and seven nuclear protein-coding genes) comprising a total of ~6700 bp from 96 taxa to infer a well-supported phylogenetic hypothesis for the family. Based on this hypothesis, we revise the higher classification for all pierid genera. We resurrect the tribe Teracolini stat. rev. in the subfamily Pierinae to include the genera Teracolus, Pinacopteryx, Gideona, Ixias, Eronia, Colotis and most likely Calopieris. We transfer Hebomoia to the tribe Anthocharidini and assign the previously unplaced genera Belenois and Dixeia to the subtribe Aporiina. Three lineages near the base of Pierinae (Leptosia, Elodina and Nepheronia + Pareronia) remain unplaced. For each of these, we describe and delineate new tribes: Elodinini Braby tribus nova, Leptosiaini Braby tribus nova and Nepheroniini Braby tribus nova. The proposed higher classification is based on well-supported monophyletic groups and is likely to remain stable even with the addition of more data.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84908008232&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/zsc.12075

DO - 10.1111/zsc.12075

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 641

EP - 650

JO - Zoologica Scripta

T2 - Zoologica Scripta

JF - Zoologica Scripta

SN - 0300-3256

IS - 6

ER -