Rheological characteristics of different tropical root starches

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The rheological properties of starch extracted from ten different species of tropical tuber crops were examined using a Bohlin rheometer. Suspensions with starch
concentrations of 3, 4 and 5% were gelatinised at 757C and fed into the rheometer cup. A C 25 measuring system was used and the heating rate was 1.57C/min,
heating schedule 75-957C, holding at 957C for 600 s, cooling to 357C at 1.57C/min, holding for 3600 s. For strain sweep tests, the range of strain used was 0-0.2% and
the temperature of test was 357C. The data on viscosity, storage modulus (G0) and phase angle were obtained from the rheograms. The results indicated variability in
the various properties of the different starches. However the results did not follow a
definite trend. The viscosity of Colocasia starch was low while Canna edulis and
yam starches had high viscosities. The storage modulus was also highest for Canna
starch (70-93 Pa) for 5% and gel strength was comparatively high for Canna edulis,
Dioscorea esculenta and D. rotundata starches. The phase angle values followed
the pattern of G0 and all the starch pastes were found to be elastic in nature at
higher concentration. The wide variability in rheological properties can be useful in
different applications of tuber starches.

Details

Authors
  • Subramony N. Moorthy
  • Ann-Charlotte Eliasson
  • Helena Larsson
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Food Engineering

Keywords

  • Tuber starches, Rheology, Storage modulus, Loss modulus, Phase angle, Viscosity
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-247
JournalStärke
Volume60
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes