Rhinovirus-induced IFNβ expression is NFκB-dependent and regulated by the macrophage microenvironment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Macrophages play an important role in asthma pathogenesis both in the inflammatory and resolution phase of the disease. Macrophages can acquire different polarisation states dependent on their microenvironment. It is yet unclear through which mechanism the microenvironment affects the anti-viral response in macrophages. We hypothesized that the macrophage microenvironment regulates rhinovirus-induced IFNβ expression. Murine bone marrow-derived monocytes and human differentiated THP-1 cells were stimulated with M-CSF or GM-CSF and IFNγ or IL-4/IL-13, respectively, to mimic a Th1 or Th2 environment. Macrophages were infected with rhinovirus and gene and protein levels of IFNβ and pattern recognition receptor expression were measured. In subsequent experiments an IκB kinase inhibitor was used to study the involvement of NFκB. Both murine and human M1-like macrophages exhibited higher levels of IFNβ and pattern recognition receptors after rhinovirus infection than M2-like macrophages. Blockage of NFκB resulted in a lower expression of rhinovirus-induced IFNβ in human M1-like macrophages while inducing a higher expression in M2-like macrophages, suggesting that the interferon response towards viral infection was mediated by NFκB. These findings could contribute to a better understanding of mechanisms causing reduced anti-viral responses at viral-induced exacerbations in asthma.

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Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Lund University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
Original languageEnglish
Article number13394
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 16
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes