Risk prediction of recurrent venous thromboembolism: a multiple genetic risk model

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A single genetic biomarker is unable to accurately predict the risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) recurrence. We aimed to: (a) develop a multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) model to predict the risk of VTE recurrence and (b) validate a previously described genetic risk score (GRS) and compare its performance with the model developed in this study. Twenty-two SNPs, including established and putative SNPs associated with VTE risk, were genotyped in the Malmö thrombophilia study cohort (MATS; n = 1465, follow-up ~ 10 years) by using TaqMan PCR. Out of 22-SNPs, 12 had an association with the risk of VTE recurrence and were included for calculating GRSs. The risk of VTE recurrence was calculated by stratifying patients according to number of risk alleles. In 12-SNP GRS, patients with ≥ 7 risk alleles were associated with higher risk of VTE recurrence compared to patients having ≤ 6 risk alleles. In a simplified model (8-SNP GRS), the discriminative power of 8-SNP GRS was similar to that of 12-SNP GRS based on post-test probabilities (PP). Furthermore, 8-SNP GRS further improved the risk prediction of VTE recurrence in unprovoked VTE and male patients (PP% = 15.4 vs 8.3, 17.1 vs 7.2 and 19.0 vs 7.1 for high risk groups vs low risk groups in whole population, males and unprovoked VTE patients respectively). In addition, we also validated previously described 5-SNP GRS in our cohort and found that the 8-SNP GRS performed better than the 5-SNP GRS in terms of higher PP. Our results show that a multiple SNP GRS consisting of 8-SNPs may be an effective model for prediction of VTE recurrence, particularly in unprovoked VTE and male patients.


External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
  • Shimane University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medical Genetics
  • Hematology


  • Cox regression analyses, Genetic variants, Multiple SNPs model, Recurrent VTE
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-226
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Issue number2
Early online date2018 Oct 27
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch

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