Risks and opportunities associated with decarbonising Rotterdam's industrial cluster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The Port of Rotterdam is an important industrial cluster, comprising mainly oil refining, chemical production and power generation. In 2016, the port's industry accounted for 19% of the Netherlands’ total CO2 emissions. The Port of Rotterdam Authority is aware that the cluster is heavily exposed to future decarbonisation policies, as most of its activities focus on trading, handling, converting and using fossil fuels. Based on a study for the Port Authority using a mixture of qualitative and quantitative methods, our article explores three pathways whereby the port's industry can maintain its strong position while significantly reducing its CO2 emissions and related risks by 2050. The pathways differ in terms of the EU's assumed climate change mitigation ambitions and the key technological choices made by the cluster's companies. The focus of the paper is on identifying key risks associated with each scenario and ways in which these could be mitigated.


External organisations
  • Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology


  • Chemical industry, Decarbonisation scenarios, Energy-intensive processing industries, Industrial clusters, Low-carbon industry, Mixed-methods approach
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Innovation and Societal Transitions
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1
Publication categoryResearch
Externally publishedYes