Rope Hadronization, Geometry and Particle Production in pp and pA Collisions

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)


This thesis concerns models of high energy collisions of sub-atomic particles, and the models’ implementation in numerical simulations; so–called Monte Carlo event generators. The models put forth in the thesis improves the description of soft collisions of protons, and takes the first steps towards a new, microscopic description of collectivity in proton collisions and collisions of heavy nuclei such as lead.
Paper I. The Lund string hadronization model is reviewed, and a model for corrections in busy environments, such as pp minimum bias, are introduced, and its implementation in the event generator DIPSY is described. The model affects the hadrochemistry of the underlying event, and improves description of existing pp data from LHC and RHIC.
Paper II. A series of new observables sensitive to effects from rope hadronization is introduced, and predictions of the rope hadronization model is compared to predictions from a similar model based on junction formation.
Paper III. The Glauber formalism for collisions of nuclei is reviewed, and contributions from diffraction are considered. The Glauber–Gribov formalism for colour fluctuations is compared to the DIPSY model. On the basis of this comparision, corrections to the Glauber–Gribov parametrization of the pp cross section are suggested.
This corrected formalism is then coupled to a particle production model, and preliminary descriptions of particle production in pA is given.
Paper IV. A model for string–shoving, expanding on the model from Paper I, is introduced at the proof–of–concept level. It is shown that the model qualitatively produces a rise of mean-p ⊥ with hadron mass and long range azimuthal correlations in pp collisions.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Subatomic Physics


  • QCD, Phenomenology, Hadronization, Heavy ion collisions, Fysicumarkivet A:2016:Bierlich
Original languageEnglish
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
Award date2017 Jan 27
Place of PublicationLund
  • Lund University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics
Print ISBNs978-91-7753-148-7
Electronic ISBNs978-91-7753-149-4
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 2017-01-27 Time: 09:15 Place: Lundmark lecture hall, Lund Observatory, Sölvegatan 27, Lund External reviewer Name: Werner, Klaus Title: Professor Affiliation: Université de Nantes, France ---

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