ScFv antibody-induced translocation of cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycan to endocytic vesicles: Evidence for heparan sulfate epitope specificity and role of both syndecan and glypican.

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Cellular uptake of several viruses and polybasic macromolecules requires the expression of cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) through as yet ill-defined mechanisms. We unexpectedly found that among several cell-surface binding scFv anti-HS antibody (alphaHS) clones only one, AO4B08, efficiently translocated macromolecular cargo to intracellular vesicles through induction of HSPG endocytosis. Interestingly, AO4B08-induced PG internalization was strictly dependent on HS 2-O-sulfation and appeared independent on intact N-sulfation. AO4B08 and HIV-tat, i.e. a well-known cell penetrating peptide, were shown to compete for the internalizing PG population. To obtain a more detailed characterization of this pathway, we have developed a procedure for the isolation of endocytic vesicles by conjugating AO4B08 with superparamagnetic nano-particles. [35S]sulfate-labelled HSPG was found to accumulate in isolated, AO4B08-containing vesicles, providing first biochemical evidence for intact HSPG co-internalization with its ligand. Further analysis revealed the existence of both syndecan, i.e. a transmembrane HSPG, and glycosylphosphatidyl- inositol anchored glypican in purified vesicles. Importantly, internalized syndecan and glypican were found to colocalize in AO4B08-containing vesicles. Our data establish HSPGs as true internalizing receptors of macromolecular cargo, and indicate that the sorting of cell-surface HSPG to endocytic vesicles is determined by a specific HS epitope that can be carried by both syndecan and glypican core protein.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Infectious Medicine
  • Cancer and Oncology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32959-32967
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number47
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Publication categoryResearch