Seeking No War, Achieving No Peace: The Conflict over the Siachen Glacier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper models ‘no war, no peace’ situations in a game theoretical framework where two countries are engaged in a standoff over a military sector. The first main objective is to identify rational grounds for such situations and, more precisely, for the explicit equilibria that lead to such situations. It is demonstrated that both countries gain the same payoff from being in this continuous state of perpetual hostility and, moreover, that ‘no war, no peace’ situations can be explained only if the countries perceive an equal measure of military advantage from controlling the area. Given this insight, the second objective of the paper is to provide insights about how ‘no war, no peace’ situations can be resolved. Two different pathways are suggested. The first is idealistic and based on mutual trust, whereas the second is based on deterrence, involving both countries imposing a threat of using armed force against the other country in their respective military doctrines.


External organisations
  • Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)


  • Game theory, infinite horizon game, Siachen conflict, stationary strategies, ‘no war - no peace’
Original languageEnglish
JournalDefence and Peace Economics
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2019 Aug 30
Publication categoryResearch