Selective cytokine production by epithelial cells following exposure to Escherichia coli

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This study compared the repertoire of cytokines produced by epithelial cell lines and human peripheral blood monocytes in response to Escherichia coli. The A-498 and J82 urinary tract epithelial cell lines and human peripheral blood monocytes were exposed to E. coli Hu734. The cytokine content of single cells was detected by indirect immunofluorescence using monoclonal antibodies to interleukin-1α (IL-1α), IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), TNF-β, IL-6, IL-8, and granulocyte macrophage- colony-stimulating factor, and the number of positive cells was used to quantitate the response. The J82 bladder cell line stained positive for IL- 6, IL-8, and IL-1α. The IL-8 and IL-6 response peaked at 2 h, while the number of IL-1α-positive cells reached a peak 6 h after E. coli stimulation. The A-498 kidney cell line stained for IL-8 with a peak at 2 h and IL-6 with a peak at 6 h after E. coli stimulation. Peripheral blood monocytes stained for the cytokines IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-8, IL-6, and TNF-α but not for TNF-β and granulocyte macrophage-colony-stimulating factor after stimulation with E. coli. The results demonstrated that bacteria activated a cytokine response in the epithelial cell lines and monocytes. The epithelial cell lines had a more limited cytokine response profile than circulating monocytes, which may serve to limit the consequences of microbial exposure at the mucosal surface and help maintain the integrity of other tissue compartments.


External organisations
  • Lund University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Infectious Medicine
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)602-609
JournalInfection and Immunity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Jan 1
Publication categoryResearch