Self-efficacy in the context of heart transplantation - a new perspective
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: An in-depth exploration of self-efficacy among heart transplant recipients by means of Bandura's self-efficacy theory.
BACKGROUND: An essential component of chronic illness management is self-management, which refers to activities carried out by people to create order, structure and control in their lives. Self-efficacy is an important aspect of self-management, which seems to have become the main paradigm for long-term management after solid organ transplantation.
DESIGN: A directed content analysis using Bandura's self-efficacy theory.
METHODS: Open-ended, in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 heart transplant recipients at their 12-month follow-up after heart transplantation.
RESULTS: This study generated the hypothesis that from the patients' perspective, self-efficacy after heart transplantation concerns balancing expectations to find the optimum level of self-efficacy. Performance accomplishment was found to have the greatest impact on self-efficacy, while its absence was the main source of disappointments. It was also revealed that the gap between performance accomplishment and efficacy expectations can be understood as uncertainty.
CONCLUSIONS: It is essential to assess both expectations and disappointments from the patient perspective in order to promote an optimum level of self-efficacy among heart transplant recipients. This includes supporting the heart recipient to adopt mental and physical adjustment strategies to balance her/his expectations as a means of minimising disappointments. The understanding that uncertainty can undermine self-efficacy is crucial.
RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The merging of the uncertainty in illness and self-efficacy theories provides an excellent framework for the provision of self-management support. In addition, focusing on a partnership between the transplant professionals and the recipient is essential because it minimises the use of a behavioural approach.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Nursing|
|Early online date||2017 Feb 9|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
Related research output
Research output: Thesis › Licentiate Thesis