Self-Identification and Self-Reference

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Wittgenstein once made a distinction between two uses of "I". The first use, as object, as in "I have broken my arm" or "The wind is blowing in my hair", involves the recognition of a particular person, and there is the possibility of error concerning the identity of the person. In the other use, as subject, as in "I think it will rain" or "I am trying to lift my arm", no person is recognised. No mistake can be made about who the subject is. By this distinction, Wittgenstein drew attention to a phenomenon that later has been dubbed immunity to error through misidentification (IEM). The paper discusses Evans’ views on immunity to error through misidentification, and critically assesses some problems of his account, related to the fact that information-links by themselves neither can determine contents of thought, nor guarantee the IEM of judgements based on purely informational states.


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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Philosophy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
JournalElectronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy. Special Issue on the Philosophy of Gareth Evans.
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Publication categoryResearch

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