Semi-dwarf barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) brh2 and ari-l mutants are deficient in a U-box E3 ubiquitin ligase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Lodging is the process where crop plants fall over and lie on the ground due to strong winds and heavy precipitation. This problem reduces yield and increases the risk of fungal infections and pre-harvest germination. In order to avoid lodging, plant breeders utilize short-culm mutants, which often have a robust culm that can support the weight of a heavy spike. In barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), thousands of short-culm mutants have been isolated in breeding programs around the world. Our long-term goal is to reveal the genetic network underlying culm length, with the objective to provide an enlarged repertoire of genes and alleles suitable for future breeding of lodging resistant barley. In the present work we studied a group of allelic brh2 and ari-l mutants, which have a relatively strong semi-dwarf phenotype and are phenotypically similar to previously identified mutants deficient in brassinosteroid signalling or metabolism. The Brh2 gene is located in the centromeric region of chromosome 4H and we applied a candidate gene approach to identify the gene. Brh2 is orthologous to TUD1 in rice (Orysa sativa L.), which encodes a U-box E3 ubiquitin ligase. We identified one missense mutation, one nonsense mutation and four deletions of the complete Brh2 gene. The mutants could respond to exogenously applied brassinolide, which suggests that the apparent brassinosteroid deficient phenotype of barley brh2 and ari-l mutants is related to brassinosteroid metabolism rather than signalling.


External organisations
  • Carlsberg Research Center / Carlsberg Laboratory
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Genetics and Breeding


  • Ari-l, Brh2, Heterotrimeric G protein, Lodging, TUD1
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-234
JournalPlant Growth Regulation
Issue number2
Early online date2018 Jul 7
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication categoryResearch