Sequence variation determining stereochemistry of a delta-11 desaturase active in moth sex pheromone biosynthesis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A Δ11 desaturase from the oblique banded leaf roller moth Choristoneura rosaceana takes the saturated myristic acid and produces a mixture of (E)-11-tetradecenoate and (Z)-11-tetradecenoate with an excess of the Z isomer (35:65). A desaturase from the spotted fireworm moth Choristoneura parallela also operates on myristic acid substrate but produces almost pure (E)-11-tetradecenoate. The two desaturases share 92% amino acid identity and 97% amino acid similarity. There are 24 amino acids differing between these two desaturases. We constructed mutations at all of these positions to pinpoint the sites that determine the product stereochemistry. We demonstrated with a yeast functional assay that one amino acid at the cytosolic carboxyl terminus of the protein (258E) is critical for the Z activity of the C. rosaceana desaturase. Mutating the glutamic acid (E) into aspartic acid (D) transforms the C. rosaceana enzyme into a desaturase with C. parallela-like activity, whereas the reciprocal mutation of the C. parallela desaturase transformed it into an enzyme producing an intermediate 64:36 E/Z product ratio. We discuss the causal link between this amino acid change and the stereochemical properties of the desaturase and the role of desaturase mutations in pheromone evolution.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Structural Biology
  • Genetics
  • Ecology

Keywords

  • Desaturase, Stereochemistry, Di-iron center, Histidine rich motif, Mutagenesis, Moth pheromone evolution
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-75
Number of pages8
JournalInsect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume74
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Related projects

Baojian Ding, Christer Löfstedt & Hong-Lei Wang

2013/01/012016/12/31

Project: Research

View all (2)