Sequential intrastriatal grafting of allogeneic embryonic dopamine-rich neuronal tissue in adult rats: will the second graft be rejected?
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An important issue in clinical neural grafting is whether a second instriatial allograft can survive well in a patient who has received an allograft before. In this study, the survival, immunogenicity and function of intrastriatal grafts of allogeneic or syngeneic embryonic dopamine-rich tissue in rats which had previously received either an intrastriatal allo- or syn-graft or sham injections were examined. The first graft tissue was taken from inbred Lewis or Sprague-Dawley rat embryos and grafted into an intact striatum of adult Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to a unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesion on the contralateral side. Eight weeks after the first transplantation, either allogeneic or syngeneic tissue was grafted as dissociated tissue into the dopamine depleted striatum. The function of the second grafts was assessed by rotational asymmetry at two different time points, i.e. eight and 14 weeks after the second transplantation. There were significant reductions of rotational asymmetry in all groups over time, but no significant difference between groups. Tyrosine hydroxylase immunocytochemistry was used to assess dopamine cell survival and graft size. Statistical analysis revealed no significant differnce in the mean number of tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive cells or the mean volume of the second grafts placed on the right side (lesioned side) between groups. Monoclonal antibodies were used to evaluate cellular immune reactions and the major histocompatibility complex class I and class II expression in and around grafts. No major histocompatibility complex class I expression was seen in any of the graft combinations. The expression of the major histocompatibility complex class II antigens was generally higher in patches in and around the second allograft of rats which had previously received an allograft than that in and around any other type of grafts. However, the expression of the major histocompatibility complex class II antigens was low throughout the grafts and did not appear as marked perivascular infiltrates. All the major histocompatibility complex class II positive cells displayed a microglia-like morphology, supported by the parallel microglia and macrophage-specific OX-42 immunostaining. The results show that there is no marked on-going immune reactions in or around the implantation site in any group fourteen weeks after a second transplantation. It may be concluded, therefore, that sequential allografting, using stereotaxic implantation of dissociated embryonic neural tissue into the striatal parenchyma, is possible to perform without a major risk of graft rejection, provided that an atraumatic technique is used.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Publication status||Published - 1993 Nov|