Seropositivity to Helicobacter pylori heat shock protein 60 is strongly associated with intensity of chronic inflammation, particularly in antrum mucosa: an extension of an 18-year follow-up study of chronic gastritis in Saaremaa, Estonia

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Helicobacter pylori is a cause of chronic gastritis and leads to development of atrophy in some cases. There is evidence that the heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) of H. pylori is involved in induction of chronic inflammation. Seroprevalence of IgG antibodies to H. pylori HSP60 in an adult cohort from Saaremaa, Estonia (68 persons, median age 57 years), with a high prevalence of antibodies to cell surface proteins of H. pylori (92%) and a well characterized dynamics of chronic gastritis in an 18-year follow-up study, was tested using purified H. pylori HSP60 at a concentration of 1 microg ml(-1) with ELISA. The state of the gastric mucosa and the presence of H. pylori in histological sections in the samples of 1979 and 1997 were assessed in accordance with the Sydney system. Seropositivity for H. pylori HSP60 was 65%. Immunological response to H. pylori HSP60 is associated with the morphological presence of H. pylori in the antrum and corpus (P=0.01) and is strongly correlated with the grade of chronic inflammation, particularly in the antrum mucosa (r=0.34; P=0.003; OR=5.97 (95% CI 1.21-29.3)), but is not associated with development of atrophy during 18 years of follow-up, or with the activity of gastritis. This finding supports the evidence that immunological response to H. pylori HSP60 may play a role in triggering of the inflammatory process in the gastric mucosa.


  • Tamara Vorobjova
  • Olga Ananieva
  • Heidi-Ingrid Maaroos
  • Pentti Sipponen
  • Kaljo Villako
  • Meeme Utt
  • Ingrid Nilsson
  • Torkel Wadström
  • Raivo Uibo
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Microbiology in the medical area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-149
JournalPathogens and Disease
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Publication categoryResearch