Serotonergic Regulation of Insulin Secretion

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The exact physiological role for the monoamine serotonin (5-HT) in modulation of insulin secretion is yet to be fully understood. Although the presence of this monoamine in islets of Langerhans is well established, it is only with recent advances that the complex signaling network in islets involving 5-HT is being unraveled. With more than fourteen different 5-HT receptors expressed in human islets, and receptor independent mechanisms in insulin producing β-cells, our understanding of 5-HT's regulation of insulin secretion is increasing. It is now widely accepted that failure of the pancreatic β-cell to release sufficient amounts of insulin is the main cause of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), an ongoing global epidemic. In this context, 5-HT signaling may be of importance. In fact, 5-HT may serve an essential role in regulating the release of insulin and glucagon, the two main hormones that control glucose and lipid homeostasis. In the present review, we will discuss past and current understanding of 5-HT's role in the endocrine pancreas. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13101
JournalActa Physiologica
Volume225
Issue number1
Early online date2018 May 23
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes