Serum but not cerebrospinal fluid levels of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) are increased in Alzheimer's disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Although insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is of importance for the adult function of the central nervous system (CNS), little is known of the significance of IGF-I in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in relation to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: A cross-sectional study of 60 consecutive patients under primary evaluation of cognitive impairment and 20 healthy controls. The patients had AD dementia or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) diagnosed with AD dementia upon follow-up (n = 32), stable MCI (SMCI, n = 13), or other dementias (n = 15). IGF-I, IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), and insulin were measured in serum and CSF. Results: Serum IGF-I level was increased in AD patients and in patients with other dementias compared to healthy controls (P = 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). Serum IGFBP-3 concentration was increased in AD and SMCI patients compared to controls (P = 0.001 and P < 0.05, respectively). CSF levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 as well as serum and CSF levels of insulin were similar in all study groups. In the total study population (n = 80), serum levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 correlated negatively with CSF beta-amyloid(1-42) (A beta(1-42)) level (r = -0.29, P = 0.01 and r = -0.27, P = 0.02, respectively) and in the AD patients (n = 32), the increased CSF/serum IGF-I ratio correlated positively with the CSF level of phosphorylated tau protein (P-tau; r = 0.42, P = 0.02). Conclusion: Patients with AD as well as other dementias had high levels of IGF-I in serum but not in CSF. In AD patients, the IGF-I system was associated with biomarkers of AD disease status. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


External organisations
  • Skaraborg Hospital
  • Sahlgrenska Academy
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurology
  • Other Clinical Medicine


  • IGF-I, IGFBP-3, Insulin, Cerebrospinal fluid, Alzheimer's disease, Mild, cognitive impairment, AD biomarker
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1729-1737
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch

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Per Johansson

1999/01/01 → …

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