Sex differences in strategy and performance on computerized neuropsychological tests as related to gender identity and age at puberty

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Abstract

Neuropsychological sex differences have since long been under debate. Support for the relation between behavioral differences and biological variables like hormone influence is, however, emerging. Sixteen men and sixteen women, all university students, were tested with computerized neuropsychological tests (APT), the Bem Sexual Role Inventory, and asked about pubertal age. The results were in line with earlier findings of sex differences in neuropsychological tests, men being faster and women more cautious. The assumption that women tend to use left-hemispheric, verbal/serial strategies also in spatial tasks was also partly supported. In women, late onset of puberty was related to better spatial performance, and there were also more intercorrelations between verbal and spatial tests in the female than in the male group, indicating that women use less specific strategies (more g-factor intelligence) in problem solving, or that aptitudes are less compartmentalized in women than in men.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurology
  • Psychology

Keywords

  • Cognitive sex differences, Computerized tests, Maturity rate, Neuropsychology, Sexual role identity
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-90
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Volume41
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes