Sex differences in the perception of stressful life events in a Spanish sample: Implications for the Axis IV of the DSM-IV

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sex differences in the perception of stressful life events in a Spanish sample

T2 - Implications for the Axis IV of the DSM-IV

AU - Caballo, Vicente

AU - Cardeña, Etzel

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Summary-The role of stress in the development of disease has been the subject of considerable research in the last few years. Stressful life events have been related to many physical and psychological disorders. The DSM-IV devoted Axis IV to these kinds of events. There is, however, scant information on the possible mediating role of sex on perception of stressful life events, or on the validation in other cultures of the categories included in Axis IV of the DSM-IV. A new Scale for Stressful Life Events (SSLE) was developed and administered to 563 female and 213 male university students. Women tended to perceive most stressful life events as more distressing than men, particularly regarding events implicating aggression and withdrawal. Probably events of this kind have a more negative impact on women than on men. The DSM- IV categories for grouping psychosocial and environmental problems in Axis IV were not confirmed by factor analysis of the SSLE. These results show that the effects of sex and culture on the consideration of stressful life events cannot be ignored.

AB - Summary-The role of stress in the development of disease has been the subject of considerable research in the last few years. Stressful life events have been related to many physical and psychological disorders. The DSM-IV devoted Axis IV to these kinds of events. There is, however, scant information on the possible mediating role of sex on perception of stressful life events, or on the validation in other cultures of the categories included in Axis IV of the DSM-IV. A new Scale for Stressful Life Events (SSLE) was developed and administered to 563 female and 213 male university students. Women tended to perceive most stressful life events as more distressing than men, particularly regarding events implicating aggression and withdrawal. Probably events of this kind have a more negative impact on women than on men. The DSM- IV categories for grouping psychosocial and environmental problems in Axis IV were not confirmed by factor analysis of the SSLE. These results show that the effects of sex and culture on the consideration of stressful life events cannot be ignored.

KW - stress

KW - sex

KW - life events

KW - dsm

U2 - 10.1016/S0191-8869(97)00036-6

DO - 10.1016/S0191-8869(97)00036-6

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 353

EP - 359

JO - Personality and Individual Differences

JF - Personality and Individual Differences

SN - 1873-3549

IS - 2

ER -