Shape up or ship out: migratory behaviour predicts morphology across spatial scale in a freshwater fish.

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Shape up or ship out: migratory behaviour predicts morphology across spatial scale in a freshwater fish. / Chapman, Ben; Hulthén, Kaj; Brönmark, Christer; Nilsson, Anders; Skov, Christian; Hansson, Lars-Anders; Brodersen, Jakob.

In: Journal of Animal Ecology, Vol. 84, No. 5, 2015, p. 1187-1193.

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T1 - Shape up or ship out: migratory behaviour predicts morphology across spatial scale in a freshwater fish.

AU - Chapman, Ben

AU - Hulthén, Kaj

AU - Brönmark, Christer

AU - Nilsson, Anders

AU - Skov, Christian

AU - Hansson, Lars-Anders

AU - Brodersen, Jakob

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - 1.Migration is a widespread phenomenon, with powerful ecological and evolutionary consequences. Morphological adaptations to reduce the energetic costs associated with migratory transport are commonly documented for migratory species. However few studies have investigated whether variation in body morphology can be explained by variation in migratory strategy within a species. 2.We address this question in roach Rutilus rutilus, a partially migratory freshwater fish that migrates from lakes into streams during winter. We both compare body shape between populations that differ in migratory opportunity (open versus closed lakes), and between individuals from a single population that vary in migratory propensity (migrants and residents from a partially migratory population). Following hydrodynamic theory, we posit that migrants should have a more shallow body depth, to reduce the costs associated with migrating into streams with higher flow conditions than the lakes the residents occupy all year round. 3.We find evidence both across and within-populations to support our prediction, with individuals from open lakes and migrants from the partially migratory population having a more slender, shallow-bodied morphology than fish from closed lakes and all-year residents. 4.Our data suggest that a shallow body morphology is beneficial to migratory individuals and our study is one of the first to link migratory strategy and intraspecific variation in body shape. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

AB - 1.Migration is a widespread phenomenon, with powerful ecological and evolutionary consequences. Morphological adaptations to reduce the energetic costs associated with migratory transport are commonly documented for migratory species. However few studies have investigated whether variation in body morphology can be explained by variation in migratory strategy within a species. 2.We address this question in roach Rutilus rutilus, a partially migratory freshwater fish that migrates from lakes into streams during winter. We both compare body shape between populations that differ in migratory opportunity (open versus closed lakes), and between individuals from a single population that vary in migratory propensity (migrants and residents from a partially migratory population). Following hydrodynamic theory, we posit that migrants should have a more shallow body depth, to reduce the costs associated with migrating into streams with higher flow conditions than the lakes the residents occupy all year round. 3.We find evidence both across and within-populations to support our prediction, with individuals from open lakes and migrants from the partially migratory population having a more slender, shallow-bodied morphology than fish from closed lakes and all-year residents. 4.Our data suggest that a shallow body morphology is beneficial to migratory individuals and our study is one of the first to link migratory strategy and intraspecific variation in body shape. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

U2 - 10.1111/1365-2656.12374

DO - 10.1111/1365-2656.12374

M3 - Article

VL - 84

SP - 1187

EP - 1193

JO - Journal of Animal Ecology

JF - Journal of Animal Ecology

SN - 1365-2656

IS - 5

ER -