Short-chain fatty acid formation in the hindgut of rats fed native and fermented oat fibre concentrates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The formation of SCFA in rats fed fermented oat fibre concentrates was compared with that of rats fed native oat fibre concentrate. The cultures used were lactic acid bacteria consisting of Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus (V2), the exopolysaccharide-producing strain Pediococcus damnosus 2.6 (Pd) and L. reuteri (Lr). The materials were incorporated into test diets yielding a concentration of indigestible carbohydrates of 80 g/kg (dry weight). Rats fed the V2-fermented fibre-concentrate diet yielded higher caecal and distal concentrations of acetic acid (P < 0 center dot 01) than rats fed the native fibre concentrate. All the fermented fibre concentrates resulted in a higher propionic acid concentration in the distal colon (P < 0 center dot 05), while rats fed Pd-fermented fibre concentrate resulted in lower concentration of butyric acid (P < 0 center dot 05, P < 0 center dot 01) in all parts of the hindgut as compared with rats fed the native fibre concentrates. Butyrate concentrations ranged between 5-11 mu mol/g (distal colon) and 6-8 mu mol/g (13 d faeces). Higher proportions of acetic acid (P < 0 center dot 05; P < 0 center dot 01) were observed in the caecum of rats fed the fermented fibre concentrates. Rats fed Pd- and Lr-fermented fibre concentrates produced higher proportions of propionic acid (P < 0 center dot 05; P < 0 center dot 01) in the caecum. Changes in SCFA formation in the caecum, distal colon and faeces of rats fed the fermented samples compared with the native sample indicate that these microbes probably survive in the hindgut and that modification of the microflora composition with fermented foods is possible. This may be important for the gastrointestinal flora balance in relation to colonic diseases.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Keywords

  • lactic acid, short-chain fatty acids, fermented oat fibre concentrate, bacteria, rat hindgut
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-55
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume96
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry (011001300)