Sick leave in Sweden before and after total joint replacement in hip and knee osteoarthritis patients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and purpose - Little is know about patterns of sick leave in connection with total hip and knee joint replacement (THR and TKR) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Patients and methods - Using registers from southern Sweden, we identified hip and knee OA patients aged 40-59 years who had a THR or TKR in the period 2004-2012. Patients who died or started on disability pension were excluded. We included 1,307 patients with THR (46% women) and 996 patients with TKR (56% women). For the period 1 year before until 2 years after the surgery, we linked individual-level data on sick leave from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency. We created a matched reference cohort from the general population by age, birth year, and area of residence (THR: n = 4,604; TKR: n = 3,425). The mean number of days on sick leave and the proportion (%) on sick leave 12 and 24 months before and after surgery were calculated. Results - The month after surgery, about 90% of patients in both cohorts were on sick leave. At the two-year follow-up, sick leave was lower for both cohorts than 1 year before surgery, except for men with THR, but about 9% of the THR patients and 12-17% of the TKR patients were still sick-listed. In the matched reference cohorts, sick leave was constant at around 4-7% during the entire study period. Interpretation - A long period of sick leave is common after total joint replacement, especially after TKR. There is a need for better knowledge on how workplace adjustments and rehabilitation can facilitate the return to work and can postpone surgery.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Lund University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Orthopedics
  • Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-157
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Volume88
Issue number2
Early online date2016 Dec 20
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes