Significance and translational value of high-frequency cortico-basal ganglia oscillations in Parkinson's disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The mechanisms and significance of basal ganglia oscillations is a fundamental research question engaging both clinical and basic investigators. In Parkinson's disease (PD), neural activity in basal ganglia nuclei is characterized by oscillatory patterns that are believed to disrupt the dynamic processing of movement-related information and thus generate motor symptoms. Beta-band oscillations associated with hypokinetic states have been reviewed in several excellent previous articles. Here we focus on faster oscillatory phenomena that have been reported in association with a diverse range of motor states. We review the occurrence of different types of fast oscillations and the evidence supporting their pathophysiological role. We also provide a general discussion on the definition, possible mechanisms, and translational value of synchronized oscillations of different frequencies in cortico-basal ganglia structures. Revealing how oscillatory phenomena are caused and spread in cortico-basal ganglia-thalamocortical networks will offer a key to unlock the neural codes of both motor and non-motor symptoms in PD. In preclinical therapeutic research, recording of oscillatory neural activities holds the promise to unravel mechanisms of action of current and future treatments.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Umeå University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurosciences

Keywords

  • animal models, bradykinesia, cortex, dyskinesia, movement disorders, Pathophysiology, thalamus
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-196
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Parkinson's Disease
Volume9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes