Single particle ignition and combustion of pulverized pine wood, wheat straw, rice husk and grape pomace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This work examines the combustion behavior of single pulverized biomass particles from ignition to early stages of char oxidation. The biomass residues investigated were pine wood, wheat straw, rice husk and grape pomace. The biomass particles, in the size range 224-250 μm, were injected upward into a confined region with hot combustion products, produced by a flat flame McKenna burner, with a mean temperature of 1610 K and a mean O2 concentration of 6.5 vol%. Temporally and spectrally resolved images of the single burning particles were recorded with an intensified charge-coupled device camera equipped with different band-pass spectral filters. Data are reported for CH*, C2*, Na* and K* chemiluminescence, and thermal radiation from soot and char burning particles. The data on CH* and C2* chemiluminescence and soot thermal radiation permits to identify important differences between the ignition delay time, volatiles combustion time and soot formation propensity of the four biomass residues, which are mainly affected by their volatile matter content. The Na* and K* emission signals follow the same trends of the CH* and C2* emission signals until the end of the volatiles combustion stage, beyond which, unlike the CH* and C2* emission signals, they persist owing to their release from the char burning particles. Moreover, during the volatiles combustion stage, the Na*/CH* and K*/CH* ratios present constant values for each biomass residue. The CH* and thermal radiation emission data suggest that all biomass char particles experienced heterogeneous oxidation at or immediately after the extinction of the homogeneous volatiles combustion.


External organisations
  • University of Lisbon
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering


  • Biomass residues, Chemiluminescence, Single particle combustion, Temporally and spectrally resolved images
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2663-2671
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number3
Early online date2018 Jun 22
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch