Skilled migration and innovation in European industries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper studies the effects of skilled migration on innovation –proxied by patent citations- in European industries between 1994 and 2005, using the French and the UK Labour Force Surveys and the German Microcensus. Highly-educated migrants have a positive effect on innovation, but the effect differs across industries. It is stronger in industries with low levels of overeducation, high levels of FDIs and openness to trade and, finally, in industries with higher ethnic diversity. The aggregate effect of the skilled immigrant is about one third the one of the skilled natives. We tackle the endogeneity of migrants with a set of external and internal instruments.


External organisations
  • Collegio Carlo Alberto
  • Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan
  • University of Turin
  • European University Institute San Domenico
  • Bocconi University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Economic Geography


  • Europe, Innovation, Migration, Patents, Skills
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)706-718
JournalResearch Policy
Issue number3
Early online date2018 Nov 25
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch