Sleep quality, use of hypnotics and sleeping habits in different age-groups among older people

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Abstract

Background: Sleep disturbances are common among older people (>65 years). Further, long-term use of sedative-hypnotics in older people is associated with morbidity and mortality. However, older people represent a large span of life years, and few studies have included the oldest-old above 85 years. Aim: To investigate and compare sleep quality, use of hypnotics and sleeping habits in different age groups of the older population in the Scania region, Sweden and in relation to sociodemographic- and functional status. Design and participants: A cross-sectional population-based study including 2931 people aged 60-93 years from five different municipalities in Scania was performed during 2001-2004. Method: The sample was divided into age groups, young-old (60-72 years), old-old (78-84 years) and oldest-old (87-93) years. Data constitutes of sleep related questions, sociodemographic-and functional status from the study 'Good Ageing in Skane'. Descriptive statistics were used to describe sleep quality, hypnotics use and sleeping habits in relation to sociodemographic-and functional status. The aim was to investigate associations, not the magnitude of associations between variables. Results: In all age groups, those who used hypnotics and were living alone had significantly poorer sleep quality and shortest sleeping time than nonhypnotic users and those who lived together. A significant increase of hypnotics and frequency of use was seen with increasing age. Frequency of napping increased significantly with degree of dependence in all age groups and with increasing age. Conclusions: Insomnia is still a problem and hypnotic use has not improved sleep for a large number of older people. Hypnotics are effective as short-term treatment, however, nonpharmacological interventions and psychological and behavioural therapies should be considered for treating older people with chronic insomnia.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Nursing

Keywords

  • older people, sleep quality, hypnotics, sleeping habits
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)842-851
JournalScandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Volume28
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Division of Geriatric Medicine (013040040), The Vårdal Institute (016540000)