Societal causes of, and responses to, ocean acidification

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Major climate and ecological changes affect the world’s oceans leading to a number of responses including increasing water temperatures, changing weather patterns, shrinking ice-sheets, temperature-driven shifts in marine species ranges, biodiversity loss and bleaching of coral reefs. In addition, ocean pH is falling, a process known as ocean acidification (OA). The root cause of OA lies in human policies and behaviours driving society’s dependence on fossil fuels, resulting in elevated CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere. In this review, we detail the state of knowledge of the causes of, and potential responses to, OA with particular focus on Swedish coastal seas. We also discuss present knowledge gaps and implementation needs.


  • Sverker C. Jagers
  • Simon Matti
  • Anne Sophie Crépin
  • David Langlet
  • Jonathan N. Havenhand
  • Max Troell
  • Helena L. Filipsson
  • Victor R. Galaz
  • Leif G. Anderson
External organisations
  • University of Gothenburg
  • Luleå University of Technology
  • Stockholm University
  • Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources


  • Adaptation, Causes, Governance, Markets, Mitigation, Ocean acidification
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)816-830
Early online date2018 Nov 14
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch

Related research output

Havenhand, J. N., Helena L. Filipsson, Niiranen, S., Troell, M., Crépin, A. S., Jagers, S., Langlet, D., Matti, S., Turner, D., Winder, M., de Wit, P. & Anderson, L. G., 2019, In : Ambio. 48, 8, p. 831-854 24 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laurie Charrieau, Karl Ljung, Schenck, F., Daewel, U., Emma Kritzberg & Helena L. Filipsson, 2019, In : Biogeosciences. 16, p. 3835–3852

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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