Soft x-ray undulator beam line 1411 at MAX-II for gases, liquids and solid samples

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We report on the build-up of the new undulator beam line 1411 at the third-generation synchrotron radiation facility MAX II in Lund, Sweden. This beam line is based on an upgraded version of the modified SX700-monochromator and the end station which were installed previously at beam line 51 at MAX I. The end station is equipped with a rotatable Scienta hemispherical electron-analyser making angle-resolved high resolution electron spectroscopy possible for various kinds of samples. The beam line performance will be considerably improved on MAX II due to a new undulator and the superior light source properties, e.g. the small vertical electron beam size. Undulator spectra have been measured and estimates of the photon flux at the experiment and the expected energy resolution are presented. The parameters for a new refocusing mirror were defined by ray tracing using the beam waist of the undulator. The beam line length was extended by 1 m to offer additional space for exchangeable experimental chambers.


  • M. Bässler
  • J. O. Forsell
  • O. Björneholm
  • R. Feifel
  • M. Jurvansuu
  • S. Aksela
  • S. Sundin
  • Stacey Ristinmaa Sorensen
  • R. Nyholm
  • A. Ausmees
  • S. Svensson
External organisations
  • Lund University
  • Uppsala University
  • University of Oulu
  • University of Tartu
Research areas and keywords


  • Electron spectroscopy, Soft X-rays, Synchrotron, Undulator beam line
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)953-957
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Publication categoryResearch