Soil food web properties explain ecosystem services across European land use systems

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Soil food web properties explain ecosystem services across European land use systems. / de Vries, Franciska T.; Thebault, Elisa; Liiri, Mira; Birkhofer, Klaus; Tsiafouli, Maria A.; Bjornlund, Lisa; Bracht Jörgensen, Helene; Brady, Mark Vincent; Christensen, Soren; de Ruiter, Peter C.; D'Hertefeldt, Tina; Frouz, Jan; Hedlund, Katarina; Hemerik, Lia; Hol, W. H. Gera; Hotes, Stefan; Mortimer, Simon R.; Setala, Heikki; Sgardelis, Stefanos P.; Uteseny, Karoline; van der Putten, Wim H.; Wolters, Volkmar; Bardgett, Richard D.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, No. 35, 2013, p. 14296-14301.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

de Vries, FT, Thebault, E, Liiri, M, Birkhofer, K, Tsiafouli, MA, Bjornlund, L, Bracht Jörgensen, H, Brady, MV, Christensen, S, de Ruiter, PC, D'Hertefeldt, T, Frouz, J, Hedlund, K, Hemerik, L, Hol, WHG, Hotes, S, Mortimer, SR, Setala, H, Sgardelis, SP, Uteseny, K, van der Putten, WH, Wolters, V & Bardgett, RD 2013, 'Soil food web properties explain ecosystem services across European land use systems', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 110, no. 35, pp. 14296-14301. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1305198110

APA

de Vries, F. T., Thebault, E., Liiri, M., Birkhofer, K., Tsiafouli, M. A., Bjornlund, L., ... Bardgett, R. D. (2013). Soil food web properties explain ecosystem services across European land use systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(35), 14296-14301. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1305198110

CBE

de Vries FT, Thebault E, Liiri M, Birkhofer K, Tsiafouli MA, Bjornlund L, Bracht Jörgensen H, Brady MV, Christensen S, de Ruiter PC, D'Hertefeldt T, Frouz J, Hedlund K, Hemerik L, Hol WHG, Hotes S, Mortimer SR, Setala H, Sgardelis SP, Uteseny K, van der Putten WH, Wolters V, Bardgett RD. 2013. Soil food web properties explain ecosystem services across European land use systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110(35):14296-14301. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1305198110

MLA

Vancouver

Author

de Vries, Franciska T. ; Thebault, Elisa ; Liiri, Mira ; Birkhofer, Klaus ; Tsiafouli, Maria A. ; Bjornlund, Lisa ; Bracht Jörgensen, Helene ; Brady, Mark Vincent ; Christensen, Soren ; de Ruiter, Peter C. ; D'Hertefeldt, Tina ; Frouz, Jan ; Hedlund, Katarina ; Hemerik, Lia ; Hol, W. H. Gera ; Hotes, Stefan ; Mortimer, Simon R. ; Setala, Heikki ; Sgardelis, Stefanos P. ; Uteseny, Karoline ; van der Putten, Wim H. ; Wolters, Volkmar ; Bardgett, Richard D. / Soil food web properties explain ecosystem services across European land use systems. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2013 ; Vol. 110, No. 35. pp. 14296-14301.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil food web properties explain ecosystem services across European land use systems

AU - de Vries, Franciska T.

AU - Thebault, Elisa

AU - Liiri, Mira

AU - Birkhofer, Klaus

AU - Tsiafouli, Maria A.

AU - Bjornlund, Lisa

AU - Bracht Jörgensen, Helene

AU - Brady, Mark Vincent

AU - Christensen, Soren

AU - de Ruiter, Peter C.

AU - D'Hertefeldt, Tina

AU - Frouz, Jan

AU - Hedlund, Katarina

AU - Hemerik, Lia

AU - Hol, W. H. Gera

AU - Hotes, Stefan

AU - Mortimer, Simon R.

AU - Setala, Heikki

AU - Sgardelis, Stefanos P.

AU - Uteseny, Karoline

AU - van der Putten, Wim H.

AU - Wolters, Volkmar

AU - Bardgett, Richard D.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Intensive land use reduces the diversity and abundance of many soil biota, with consequences for the processes that they govern and the ecosystem services that these processes underpin. Relationships between soil biota and ecosystem processes have mostly been found in laboratory experiments and rarely are found in the field. Here, we quantified, across four countries of contrasting climatic and soil conditions in Europe, how differences in soil food web composition resulting from land use systems (intensive wheat rotation, extensive rotation, and permanent grassland) influence the functioning of soils and the ecosystem services that they deliver. Intensive wheat rotation consistently reduced the biomass of all components of the soil food web across all countries. Soil food web properties strongly and consistently predicted processes of C and N cycling across land use systems and geographic locations, and they were a better predictor of these processes than land use. Processes of carbon loss increased with soil food web properties that correlated with soil C content, such as earthworm biomass and fungal/bacterial energy channel ratio, and were greatest in permanent grassland. In contrast, processes of N cycling were explained by soil food web properties independent of land use, such as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and bacterial channel biomass. Our quantification of the contribution of soil organisms to processes of C and N cycling across land use systems and geographic locations shows that soil biota need to be included in C and N cycling models and highlights the need to map and conserve soil biodiversity across the world.

AB - Intensive land use reduces the diversity and abundance of many soil biota, with consequences for the processes that they govern and the ecosystem services that these processes underpin. Relationships between soil biota and ecosystem processes have mostly been found in laboratory experiments and rarely are found in the field. Here, we quantified, across four countries of contrasting climatic and soil conditions in Europe, how differences in soil food web composition resulting from land use systems (intensive wheat rotation, extensive rotation, and permanent grassland) influence the functioning of soils and the ecosystem services that they deliver. Intensive wheat rotation consistently reduced the biomass of all components of the soil food web across all countries. Soil food web properties strongly and consistently predicted processes of C and N cycling across land use systems and geographic locations, and they were a better predictor of these processes than land use. Processes of carbon loss increased with soil food web properties that correlated with soil C content, such as earthworm biomass and fungal/bacterial energy channel ratio, and were greatest in permanent grassland. In contrast, processes of N cycling were explained by soil food web properties independent of land use, such as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and bacterial channel biomass. Our quantification of the contribution of soil organisms to processes of C and N cycling across land use systems and geographic locations shows that soil biota need to be included in C and N cycling models and highlights the need to map and conserve soil biodiversity across the world.

KW - soil fauna

KW - modeling

KW - soil microbes

KW - nitrogen

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1305198110

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1305198110

M3 - Article

VL - 110

SP - 14296

EP - 14301

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

T2 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

SN - 1091-6490

IS - 35

ER -