Solvent Orange 60 is a potent contact sensitizer in occupational and everyday life

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Solvent Orange (SO) 60 is a perinone-type dye that is often used in plastic materials such as spectacle frames and has been shown to cause contact allergy. The first case of SO 60 allergic contact dermatitis caused by spectacle frames was reported in 1999, and the second in 2011. We have recently seen 10 patients, of whom 6 developed dermatitis in the retroauricular/temporal area after wearing plastic spectacles. Objectives: To report the cause of the dermatitis in the 10 patients and to describe our first case with occupational SO 60 contact allergy. Methods: In this retrospective study, patch test results of 10 patients, tested with the Swedish baseline series and our specific spectacle and/or plastic series, including SO 60 1.0% pet., in 2011-2017 were analysed. Results: Ten patients, 2 males and 8 females, aged 43 to 71 years, reacted positively to SO 60 1.0% pet., namely, 4 pensioners, 2 nurses, 1 office worker, 1 teacher, 1 shop assistant, and 1 unemployed person. Four of the patients had an atopic history. Patch test reactions varied from + to +++; some had spread >20 cm outside the test area in terms of erythematous, infiltrated skin with papules. Retesting of patient no. 1 with serial dilutions of SO 60 in acetone showed positive reactions down to 1 ppm. Three patients reacted to the extracts of their earpieces. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to confirm the presence of SO 60 in 2 earpieces. Conclusions: SO 60 should be included in any spectacle patch test series that may be used. If there is a strong suspicion of contact allergy to SO 60 before patch testing, lowering the test concentration from 1.0% to 0.01% should be considered.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Vilnius University
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Uddevalla sjukhus
  • Lund University
  • University of Gothenburg
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Keywords

  • CAS no. 6925-69-5, chemical analysis, contact allergy, hearing aid, occupational contact allergy, patch testing, spectacle frames, ultrasonic bath extract
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-126
Number of pages4
JournalContact Dermatitis
Volume79
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes