Some design recommendations to improve comfort in helmets: a case study from China

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Abstract in Undetermined
Unless the basic user needs are satisfied in safety helmets, it is difficult to get workers to wear them habitually and for long periods. Hotness, weight and fitting problems are major wearability issues that require improvements. The enormous need for an optimally designed helmet in China prompted a case study on comfort aspects in helmets. The subjective impressions of the wearers of test helmets provided useful information for design changes to improve comfort. The heat transfer measurements through helmets indicated the need for ventilation openings to be provided on the shell of plastic helmets. Due to the advantage of low weight and good ventilation, it is recommended that cane helmets be further developed to improve protection, wearability and durability, and subsequently be produced in large scale.


  • John Abeysekera
  • Ingvar Holmér
  • Xiaoxiong Liu
  • Chuansi Gao
  • Zhenhua Wu
External organisations
  • External Organization - Unknown
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics


  • helmet, comfort, heat, ergonomics, design
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-154
JournalJournal of Human Ergology
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Publication categoryResearch

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