Sorting soluble tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor for storage and regulated secretion in hematopoietic cells.

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Abstract

Hematopoietic cells contain secretory lysosomes that degranulate at sites of inflammation. We envisage that secretory granules can act as vehicles for targeting inflammatory sites, including malignancies, and thereafter, locally release therapeutically active agents to these sites. Exogenous proteins, such as the soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (sTNFR1), have been shown previously to be targeted to secretory lysosomes [1]. In this work, we asked whether exogenons, secretory lysosome-targeted proteins were subject to regulated secretion. sTNFR1-transmembrane (tm)cytosol-sorting signal (Y) and sTNFR1-tm-Y-enhanced green fluorescent protein (egfp) were expressed in rat basophilic leukemia cell clones having different secretory capacities. sTNFR1-tm-Y was targeted directly from the Golgi to secretory lysosomes, followed by generation of membrane-free sTNFR1, whose secretion could be triggered by a Ca2+ ionophore or inummoglobulin E receptor activation. In contrast, sTNFRI-tm-Y-egfp was targeted to the plasma membrane and then subjected to endocytosis and presumably, secretory lysosome targeting, as judged by results from antibody ligation and cell-surface biotinylation. Activation of protein kinase C with phorbol ester promoted ectodomain shedding at the cell surface, resulting in sTNFR1 release from sTNFR1-tm-Y-egfp. These results support a concept for using the storage organelles of hematopoietic cells as vehicles for targeting sites of inflammation with therapeutically active agents.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cell and Molecular Biology

Keywords

  • secretary lysosome, endosome pathway, inflammation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)876-885
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume76
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes