Sources and fates of dissolved organic carbon in lakes as determined by whole-lake carbon isotope additions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Sources and fates of dissolved organic carbon in lakes as determined by whole-lake carbon isotope additions. / Bade, Darren L.; Carpenter, Stephen R.; Cole, Jonathan J.; Pace, Michael L.; Kritzberg, Emma; Van de Bogert, Matthew C.; Cory, Rose M.; McKnight, Diane M.

In: Biogeochemistry, Vol. 84, No. 2, 2007, p. 115-129.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Bade, DL, Carpenter, SR, Cole, JJ, Pace, ML, Kritzberg, E, Van de Bogert, MC, Cory, RM & McKnight, DM 2007, 'Sources and fates of dissolved organic carbon in lakes as determined by whole-lake carbon isotope additions', Biogeochemistry, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 115-129. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-006-9013-y

APA

Bade, D. L., Carpenter, S. R., Cole, J. J., Pace, M. L., Kritzberg, E., Van de Bogert, M. C., ... McKnight, D. M. (2007). Sources and fates of dissolved organic carbon in lakes as determined by whole-lake carbon isotope additions. Biogeochemistry, 84(2), 115-129. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-006-9013-y

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bade, Darren L. ; Carpenter, Stephen R. ; Cole, Jonathan J. ; Pace, Michael L. ; Kritzberg, Emma ; Van de Bogert, Matthew C. ; Cory, Rose M. ; McKnight, Diane M. / Sources and fates of dissolved organic carbon in lakes as determined by whole-lake carbon isotope additions. In: Biogeochemistry. 2007 ; Vol. 84, No. 2. pp. 115-129.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sources and fates of dissolved organic carbon in lakes as determined by whole-lake carbon isotope additions

AU - Bade, Darren L.

AU - Carpenter, Stephen R.

AU - Cole, Jonathan J.

AU - Pace, Michael L.

AU - Kritzberg, Emma

AU - Van de Bogert, Matthew C.

AU - Cory, Rose M.

AU - McKnight, Diane M.

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Four whole- lake inorganic C-13 addition experiments were conducted in lakes of differing trophic status. Inorganic C-13 addition enriched algal carbon in C-13 and changed the delta C-13- DOC by + 1.5 parts per thousand to + 9.5 parts per thousand, depending on the specific lake. This change in delta C-13- DOC represented a significant input of algal DOC that was not completely consumed by bacteria. We modeled the dynamics in delta C-13- DOC to estimate the fluxes of algal and terrestrial carbon to and from the DOC pool, and determine the composition of the standing stock. Two experiments in lightly stained, oligotrophic lakes indicated that algal production was the source of about 20% of the DOC pool. In the following year, the experiment was repeated in one of these lakes under conditions of nutrient enrichment, and in a third, more humic lake. Algal contributions to the DOC pool were 40% in the nutrient enriched lake and 5% in the more humic lake. Spectroscopic and elemental analyses corroborated the presence of increased algal DOC in the nutrient enriched lake. Natural abundance measurements of the delta C-13 of DOC in 32 lakes also revealed the dual contributions of both terrestrial and algal carbon to DOC. From these results, we suggest an approach for inferring the contribution of algal and terrestrial DOC using easily measurable parameters.

AB - Four whole- lake inorganic C-13 addition experiments were conducted in lakes of differing trophic status. Inorganic C-13 addition enriched algal carbon in C-13 and changed the delta C-13- DOC by + 1.5 parts per thousand to + 9.5 parts per thousand, depending on the specific lake. This change in delta C-13- DOC represented a significant input of algal DOC that was not completely consumed by bacteria. We modeled the dynamics in delta C-13- DOC to estimate the fluxes of algal and terrestrial carbon to and from the DOC pool, and determine the composition of the standing stock. Two experiments in lightly stained, oligotrophic lakes indicated that algal production was the source of about 20% of the DOC pool. In the following year, the experiment was repeated in one of these lakes under conditions of nutrient enrichment, and in a third, more humic lake. Algal contributions to the DOC pool were 40% in the nutrient enriched lake and 5% in the more humic lake. Spectroscopic and elemental analyses corroborated the presence of increased algal DOC in the nutrient enriched lake. Natural abundance measurements of the delta C-13 of DOC in 32 lakes also revealed the dual contributions of both terrestrial and algal carbon to DOC. From these results, we suggest an approach for inferring the contribution of algal and terrestrial DOC using easily measurable parameters.

KW - carbon stable isotopes

KW - allochthonous

KW - autochthonous

KW - carbon

KW - dissolved organic

U2 - 10.1007/s10533-006-9013-y

DO - 10.1007/s10533-006-9013-y

M3 - Article

VL - 84

SP - 115

EP - 129

JO - Biogeochemistry

JF - Biogeochemistry

SN - 1573-515X

IS - 2

ER -