Spatial, individual and temporal variation of the high frequency QRS amplitudes in the 12 standard electrocardiographic leads

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BACKGROUND: Analysis of high-frequency QRS amplitudes (HF-QRS) may provide an additional diagnostic tool in patients with heart disease, but the basic properties of these waveforms have not been sufficiently investigated. This study describes the spatial, individual, and temporal variation at rest of HF-QRS recorded with the 12 standard electrocardiographic leads in patients with ischemic heart disease.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Two consecutive electrocardiographic recordings from 67 patients were signal averaged and analyzed within a bandwidth of 150 to 250 Hz. The HF-QRS values were expressed as root mean square values. There was a spatial variation in HF-QRS among the 12 leads, with higher amplitudes in V(2) through V(4), II, aVF, and III. The individual variation among the patients was large for all leads. The sum of the HF-QRS for all 12 leads in each patient ranged from 20 to 75 microV (mean 36 +/- 11 microV). The mean of the temporal variation in HF-QRS for all 12 leads between the 2 recordings was only 0.10 +/- 0. 09 microV.

CONCLUSIONS: Because of the large individual variation, analysis of HF-QRS is probably most applicable in monitoring situations when it is possible to track changes in a patient over time. The temporal variation in HF-QRS at rest is small, both in patients with and those without prior myocardial infarction.


  • Jonas Pettersson
  • E. Carro
  • Lars Edenbrandt
  • Olle Pahlm
  • Michael Ringborn
  • Leif Sörnmo
  • S. Warren
  • G. Wagner
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-358
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Issue number2, part 1
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Publication categoryResearch