Special Transportation Service in Sweden – Involvement of Private Operators.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Since 1979, every municipality in Sweden has been able to offer
its inhabitants Special Transportation Service (STS). STS has a
firm primary-municipality connection and organization. The
municipality, however, receives a national subsidy, which today
amounts to a maximum of 35 percent of a municipality's
overall costs for STS. In 1986, 5 percent of the Swedish population
was entitled to Special Transportation Service. As things
have developed, STS has become primarily a means of transportation
for the elderly. Every fifth person over age 65 is
entitled, and the elderly constitute more than 85 percent of
entitlements nationwide. Travel by Special Transportation Service
has increased greatly during the past 10 years. The overall
costs for the STS transportation in Sweden in 1986 were approximately
$200 million. The nationwide average municipal
cost for an STS trip in 1986 was $13. The cost range is wide,
however, from a low cost of $6 to a high cost of $30. The range
in the costs for different municipalities is mainly a result of the
variations in policy among municipalities, such as prior reservation
of a trip, obligatory collective travel, and the amount to
be paid by the entitled person. Because of the increased costs of
STS travel, many municipalities have now started to review the
organization of STS. Until now the municipality has purchased
the main part (95 percent) of the Special Transportation Service
from the taxi companies. Many municipalities, however,
are now trying new solutions in providing transportation for
the elderly and disabled. In some municipalities, this has already
led to a declining role for the private sector's (taxis')
Involvement in providing this transportation service. There are
Indications that this development will continue in the future.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Civil Engineering
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-38
JournalTransportation Research Record
Publication statusPublished - 1987
Publication categoryResearch