Spectral analysis of body movement during deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease

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Spectral analysis of body movement during deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease. / Patel, Mitesh; Nilsson, Maria H.; Rehncrona, Stig; Tjernström, Fredrik; Magnusson, Måns; Johansson, Rolf; Fransson, Per Anders.

In: Gait and Posture, Vol. 86, 2021, p. 217-225.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Spectral analysis of body movement during deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease

AU - Patel, Mitesh

AU - Nilsson, Maria H.

AU - Rehncrona, Stig

AU - Tjernström, Fredrik

AU - Magnusson, Måns

AU - Johansson, Rolf

AU - Fransson, Per Anders

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Background: The characteristics of Parkinson's disease (PD) include postural instability and resting tremor. However, reductions of tremor amplitude do not always improve postural stability. Research question: What is the effect of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) on spectral analysis of body movement in patients with PD when tested without anti-PD medication? The effect of visual cues was also studied. Methods: Ten patients with PD (mean age 64.3 years, range 59−69 years) and 17 control participants (mean age 71.2 years, range 65–79 years) were recruited. Spectral power following a period of quiet stance (35 s) was analysed in three different spectral power bands (0−4 Hz, 4−7 Hz and 7−25 Hz). Motion markers were secured to the head, shoulder, hip, and knee, which recorded movements in two directions, the anteroposterior and lateral. Results: DBS STN significantly changed the spectral distribution pattern across the body in the anteroposterior (p = 0.029) and lateral directions (p ≤ 0.003). DBS predominantly reduced spectral power at the head (p ≤ 0.037) and shoulder (p ≤ 0.031) in the lateral direction. The spectral power of the lower and upper body in patients with PD, with DBS ON, were more similar to the control group, than to DBS OFF. Visual cues mainly reduced spectral power in the anteroposterior direction at the shoulder (p ≤ 0.041) in controls and in patients with PD with DBS ON. Significance: There is an altered postural strategy in patients with PD with DBS ON as shown by an altered spectral power distribution pattern across body segments and a reduction of spectral power in the lateral direction at the head and shoulder. A reduction of spectral power in controls and in patients with PD with DBS ON suggests that visual cues are able to reduce spectral power to some extent, but not with DBS OFF where postural sway and power are larger.

AB - Background: The characteristics of Parkinson's disease (PD) include postural instability and resting tremor. However, reductions of tremor amplitude do not always improve postural stability. Research question: What is the effect of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) on spectral analysis of body movement in patients with PD when tested without anti-PD medication? The effect of visual cues was also studied. Methods: Ten patients with PD (mean age 64.3 years, range 59−69 years) and 17 control participants (mean age 71.2 years, range 65–79 years) were recruited. Spectral power following a period of quiet stance (35 s) was analysed in three different spectral power bands (0−4 Hz, 4−7 Hz and 7−25 Hz). Motion markers were secured to the head, shoulder, hip, and knee, which recorded movements in two directions, the anteroposterior and lateral. Results: DBS STN significantly changed the spectral distribution pattern across the body in the anteroposterior (p = 0.029) and lateral directions (p ≤ 0.003). DBS predominantly reduced spectral power at the head (p ≤ 0.037) and shoulder (p ≤ 0.031) in the lateral direction. The spectral power of the lower and upper body in patients with PD, with DBS ON, were more similar to the control group, than to DBS OFF. Visual cues mainly reduced spectral power in the anteroposterior direction at the shoulder (p ≤ 0.041) in controls and in patients with PD with DBS ON. Significance: There is an altered postural strategy in patients with PD with DBS ON as shown by an altered spectral power distribution pattern across body segments and a reduction of spectral power in the lateral direction at the head and shoulder. A reduction of spectral power in controls and in patients with PD with DBS ON suggests that visual cues are able to reduce spectral power to some extent, but not with DBS OFF where postural sway and power are larger.

KW - Body movement

KW - Deep brain stimulation

KW - Fast-Fourier transformation

KW - Parkinson disease

KW - Spectral analysis

U2 - 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2021.03.023

DO - 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2021.03.023

M3 - Article

C2 - 33765547

AN - SCOPUS:85102849513

VL - 86

SP - 217

EP - 225

JO - Gait and Posture

JF - Gait and Posture

SN - 1879-2219

ER -